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Belitung, Indonesia - Coral Reef Habitat Demonstration Site
Written by Chris Paterson   
Friday, 23 December 2005

BELITUNG, INDONESIA - CORAL REEF DEMONSTRATION SITE
UNEP/GEF South China Sea Project

Demonstration Site Manager
Ms. Nurul Dhewani Mirah Syafrie
COREMAP-LIPI
Jl Raden Saleh 43
Jakarta 10330, Indonesia
Tel: (62 21) 314 3080
Mobile: (62) 81381400342
Fax: (62 21) 319 27958
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Local Government Official
Mr. Nazalyus Nanang Effendi
Head, Regional Planning and Development Agency
Bangka-Belitung Province
Jl. A Yani No. 06 Tanjungpandan
Belitung 33412, Indonesia
Tel/Fax: (62 0719) 21666
Mobile: (62) 811717919; 8127176101
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Focal Point for the Coral Reef Component
Dr. Suharsono
Puslit OSEANOGRAFI–LIPI
Head of Research Center for Oceanography - LIPI
Pasir Putih 1 Ancol Timur
Jakarta UTARA, Indonesia
Tel: (62 21) 64712287
Mobile: (62) 0816 721 387
Fax: (62 21) 64712287
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PCU Contact
Dr. Vo Si Tuan
Senior Expert
UNEP/GEF Project Coordinating Unit
United Nations Building
2nd Floor, Block B
Rajdamnern Avenue
Bangkok, 10200, Thailand
Tel: (662) 288 2084
Fax: (662) 288 1094
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Fisheries Threats Contact
Ir. Parlin Tambunan
Director of Fishery Resources, Directorate General of Capture Fisheries
Jln. Harsono RM No.3
Gd. B, Lt VI
Ragunan - Pasar Minggu
Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
Tel:    (62 21) 781 1672
Mobile:    (62) 81 698 1032
Fax:    (62 21) 781 1672
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Further Information on Coral Reefs in the South China Sea

Reports of the Meetings of the UNEP/GEF Regional Working Group on Coral Reefs

UNEP/GEF Review of Coral Reefs in the South China Sea

Coral Reef Habitat Demonstration Site Information Resources 

Lesson Learned Document for Coral Reefs Indonesia

Project Document for the Belitung Coral Reef Demo Site

Visit the Belitung Coral Reef Website (Bahasa only)  

Lessons Learned in Coral Reef Management in Indonesia

Site Name and Geographic Coordinates
Name: Belitung Coral Reef Demonstration Site
Latitude: 3.36 S - 2.37 S
Longitude: 106.99 E - 108.89 E

The proposed project is aimed to protect and to rehabilitate  coral reef ecosystem so as to sustain their use, as well as the use of the associated ecosystems in Bangka-Belitung Islands. The overall goal of the program is to maintain healthy coral reef ecosystem and increase prosperity of coastal village
communities. This project will improve the condition of coral reefs at high priority areas through strengthened coordination among local government institutions in preparing "Perda" (local ordinance); and through community-based programs and public  advocacy in coral reef conservation and sustainable use throughout the Bangka- Belitung province.

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES

The community of Selat Nasik sub-district is mainly engaged in fishery activities. Proportion of population engaged in fishery activities are 70 - 80 % in Selat Nasik, 50 % in Petaling, 75 % in Goal and 100 % in Gresik. These figures clearly indicate the importance of coral reefs to the people of Selat Nasik sub-district. Despite that, the coral reefs of the waters keep on going under real pressure.

Coral reefs in the area are suffering pressures from poaching and destructive fishing practices. Trawling done by illegal foreign fishers causes damage to existing ecosystem and also results in
reducing the catch of traditional fishers. Because of that traditional fishers will undergo multiple losses, namely ecosystem degradation and reduction of income. To date this conflict between foreign and local fishers has still prevailed.

Presently a few studies supported by the central government to monitor the condition of coral reefs have been done in this area. Some interventions have been implemented by the central government in order to promote marine tourism, coral reef conservation and sustainable use of marine resources.
There is still the need for GEF to encourage and assist local communities to develop appropriate ways of protecting and managing their local marine resources as well as to strengthen the capacities of local government and non-government organizations in dealing with external issues.

The Regional Autonomy Law (no. 22 of 1999) and the Spatial Use Act (no. 24 of 1992) provides the legal basis for the district government to plan and manage coral reefs. While the Regional Act and Revenue Sharing Act (no. 25 of 1999) give district governments responsibility for managing marine resources. The new laws provide for participatory decision making in planning and resource allocation. The capacity of local government and community institutions to execute their powers under these laws is very limited. Therefore support is needed to strengthen local community and district government in planning and management as well as in securing long-term health of coral reef resources and ensuring survival of coastal communities.

The general objective of this project is to protect, rehabilitate and sustain the use of coral ecosystem and associate resources in the Belitung Island. To achieve these general objectives, the project has five intermediate objectives, namely:
Enhance awareness of society at all levels on the value of sustained use of coral reef;

  • Strengthen legal basis of coral reef management in Belitung;
  • Improve information for decision making and planning of sustainable use of resources;
  • Develop and implement resource management plan, involving community participation; and
  • Establish livelihood programme in order to reduce threats by poor local people.

OUTCOMES

Improvement of coral reef condition through increase of percentage coral cover will provide positive contribution in the form of increased catch for the fishers who in turn will increase local community income.

Coral reef resources in Belitung district, particularly those in Selat Nasik sub-district, will be better managed whenever coral reef and resource management plans have been formulated. Likewise, law enforcement will be better executed whenever there is a regulation to base legal action on illegal and destructive fishing practices. No less important is the creation of young generation that has a high dedication to the environment.

This project will support the process of strengthening co-ordination between all of stakeholder which concern in marine resource management, conservation and sustainable development. The project will achieve the outcomes as follows:

  • Increased community and students awareness in marine environment
  • Increased capability and effectiveness in law enforcement
  • Resource Management Plan adopted by Salat Nasik Sub-district
  • Increased community capability to managing coastal and adjacent waters at Belitung District
  • Increased percentage of coral cover
  • Increased income per capita
  • Strengthened Institutional co-ordination especially at Belitung District
Last Updated ( Monday, 13 October 2008 )
 
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