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Trat, Thailand - Mangrove Habitat Demonstration Site
Written by Chris Paterson   
Monday, 24 October 2005

UNEP/GEF South China Sea Project

Demonstration Site Manager
Ms. Cheewarat Printrakoon, Field Officer
Department of Marine and Coastal Resource
92 Paholyothin Soi 7 (Ari) Payathai Bangkok 10400
Fax: (662) 298 2166
Mobile: (66) 85172 5427
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Local Government Official 
Mr. Kanpetch Chuangrangsri
Governor of Trat Province
Amphoe Maung, Trat Province
Tel:    (66 039) 511 927
Mobile: (66) 09 203 1535
Fax:    (66 093) 511515


Mr. Virach Benjaphantawee Director Natural Resources & Environment
Amphur Muang, Trat Province 23000 Thailand
Tel: (66 39) 511157; 081752 0252
Fax: (66 39) 520057

Focal Point for the Mangrove Component
Dr. Sonjai Havanond
Department of Marine and Coastal Resources
92 Pollution Control Building
Phaholyothin 7 (Soi Aree)
Phayathai 10400, Thailand
Tel:  (662) 298 2166; 298 2591
Mobile: (66) 1 8114917; 661 1731161
Fax: (662) 298 2591; 298 2592; 298 2166; 298 2058
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

PCU Contact
Dr. John C. Pernetta
Project Director
UNEP/GEF Project Coordinating Unit
United Nations Building
2nd Floor, Block B
Rajdamnern Avenue
Bangkok, 10200, Thailand
Tel: (662) 288 1670
Fax: (662) 288 1094
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Fisheries Threats Contact
Mr. Pirochana Saikliang
Senior Fishery Biologist 
Upper Gulf Marine Fisheries Research and Development Center
Marine Fishery Division, Department of Fisheries
49 Soi Phrarachviriyaporn 16
Phrarachviriyaporn Road
Bangphoung Sub-district
Phrapradaeng District
Samut Prakan 10130, Thailand
Tel: (662) 816 7635-8 ext. 15, 16,
Mobile: (661) 8439887
Fax: (662) 816 7634
E-mail:  This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Trat Mangrove Newsletters

1st Trat Mangrove Newsletter

Further Information on Mangroves in the South China Sea

Reports of the Meetings of the UNEP/GEF Regional Working Group on Mangroves

UNEP/GEF Review of Mangroves in the South China Sea

Mangrove Habitat Demonstration Site Information Resources

Lesson Learned in Mangrove Management in Thailand

Project Document for the Trat Mangrove Demo Site

Site Name and Geographic Coordinates
Name: Trat Province Mangrove Demonstration Site
Latitude: 12o11’-12o5’N
Longitude: 102o31’-102o39’E

The purpose of the Trat Province Mangrove Demonstration Site is to establish a demonstration site for good practice in community participation in mangrove conservation work in Trat Province that can serve as a model for wider application nationally, and in the other countries participating in the UNEP/GEF South China Sea Project. The project will address key threats and seek to reverse environmental degradation in the area by developing a management plan involving all stakeholders that addresses the current causes of unsustainable patterns of use.

The critical environmental problem, which needs to be addressed at this site, is long-term ecological change resulting from the prior destruction of mangroves over a period of more than 40 years. One of the reasons for this destruction is a lack of understanding of the economic benefits provided by mangroves, and the project will aim to both increase understanding of the value of mangroves and strengthen the links between the conservation of mangrove forests and the livelihoods of local people. The demonstration site will help show policy makers and local communities the successes that can be achieved in mangrove conservation through a strong community participation programme. Project activities will complement national conservation strategies and also contribute towards a better understanding of mangrove management by local volunteer groups. The immediate objectives are:
1. Develop and implement a mangrove replanting programme in Trat Province centred on the demonstration site and Tatapao/Namchieo including re-planting around 300 hectares of mangrove annually, using a mix of species to increase the biodiversity of the forest estate.
2. Strengthen and expand as appropriate, the community-based management system for the Trat Province Mangroves through;

  • Establishment of Management Framework and networks of community based stakeholder groups;
  • Preparation of a comprehensive management plan for the habitats and resources of the site including maps of forest areas and designated land uses including conservation areas;
  • Appropriate Forest Management actions including provision of data and information regarding zonation and socio-economic importance for decision making;
  • Establishing and implementing an active programme of mangrove reforestation.

3. Develop a business plan for sustainable financing of the management of the Trat Province mangroves including:

  • Diversification of income sources and improving financial security of local people with low incomes, including identification of new revenue streams and new opportunities;
  • Specific actions to investigate the feasibility of ecotourism locally, to generate income and promote the role of the demonstration centre;
  • Increased capacity of local conservation groups and NGOs to devise and manage projects, network internationally, and pass on the experience they have accumulated to other conservation groups regionally.

4. Enhance awareness and understanding of mangroves at all levels of government and civil society.

Desired outcomes from the project interventions are as follows (numbering corresponds to goals and objectives above)
1. Increased mangrove coverage at suitable locations to a total of 900 hectares over three years. Including increased species diversity and numbers at the site based on applied research into site ecology, trophic dynamics, nursery functions, and habitat features.
2. Reduced illegal mangrove cutting through provision of alternative sustainable livelihoods for local communities.
3. Establishment of sustainable use regimes to protect mangrove and fishery resources from depletion resulting from human use.
4. Increased understanding of the environmental and economic value of mangroves and establish a perception that mangrove conservation areas are a beneficial land use.

Last Updated ( Monday, 13 October 2008 )
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